Madhya Pradesh is endowed with rich
forest wealth. Out of a total geographical area of 3,08,252
Sq.Kms. of the State, 31% of the area is classified as forest
There are many important Non wood forest Products (NWFP) found
in the forests eg. Tendu leaves or Bidi leaves (Diospyros
melonoxylon), Sal Seed(Shorea robusta), Chebulic
Myrobolan or Harra (Terminalia chebula), Gum, Chironji
(Buchanania lanzan), flower and seeds of Mahua (Madhuca
indica) and flowers, seeds, bark & roots of various plant
species. Tendu leaves, Sal seed
and Kullu Gum are nationalised forest produce
whereas the other NWFP are non-nationalised.These non-nationalised
NWFP can be collected and traded freely.
order to give benefits to forest dwellers in collection and
trade of forest produce, the Madhya Pradesh State Minor Forest
Produce (Trading & Development) Co-operative Federation was
formed in 1984. This Federation co-ordinates collection and
processing of Tendu leaves, Sal Seed,
& Kullu Gum through Primary Forest Produce Co-operative
Societies in the districts of the State which are forest produce
areas and organises disposal of these produce. In addition,
other non-nationalised NWFP are also being collected and traded
by the Primary Forest Produce Co-operative Societies.
M.P.State Minor Forest Produce Trading & Development Co-operative
Federation is also processing & marketing herbal products & honey
under the brand name "Vindhya Herbals". A processing & research
facility "Minor Forest Produce Processing & Research Centre"
(MFP-PARC in short) has been established at Van Parisar, Barkheda
Pathani, Near BHEL, Bhopal. In addition to MFP-PARC,
processing units are also working at Rehti (District Sehore),
Barman (District Narsinghpur), Katni, Panna & Dewas, These units
are also producing herbal products for "Vindhya Herbals" brand.
A herbal extraction plant is also coming up at Chhindwara.
73rd Amendment to the constitution
has provided for devolution of power to the Panchayati Raj
Institutions. In a landmark legislation, the Parliament enacted
the Provisions of the Panchayats(Extension to Scheduled Areas)
Act, 1996, which has provided for endowing Panchayats at the
appropriate level with the ownership of NWFP.
Consequent to this, Madhya
Pradesh became the first state in the country to decide upon
transfer of ownership of NWFP to the Gram Sabhas (Local level
Panchayati Raj institutions). It was decided by the state
Govt to transfer all the net income from the trade of NWFP
to the Primary Forest Produce Societies. These Societies will,
in turn distribute the profits as under:
This arrangement is
being implemented since 1998-99 season.
- 60 % to the Primary Collector
- 20% for the development of NWFP
and regeneration of Forests
- Balance for Infrastructure
Development/ Cash Payment.
structure of NWFP Trade