In addition to Nationalised Non
wood Forest Products namely Tendu Leaves, Chebulic myrobolan
or Harra, Sal Seed and Gums, a number of very important and
valuable non-nationalised Non wood Forest Products like Mahua
Aonla, Chirota, Neem, Mahul Patta, Chironji, Honey,
Tamarind etc. are also found in the forests of Madhya Pradesh.
The villagers are free to collect and sell these produce.
Generally, after meeting their own requirements, the villagers
sell the balance quantity to small local traders or middlemen
at very low rates. These middlemen, in turn, earn huge profits
from these produce.
Therefore, with a view to save these villagers from the exploitation
by the middlemen, the collection of these Non wood Forest
Products was started through Primary Forest Produce Cooperative
Societies from 1995-96. Primary Societies purchase these produce
from the villagers and later on sell the collected produce
in bigger markets. All the decisions regarding the quantity
and rate of purchase and sale are taken by the elected officials
of the Primary Cooperative Societies and District Unions.
The forest officials give all necessary help and guidance
to them. The Federation gathers information regarding the
market price and supply conditions and transfers this information
to the District unions, so that the produce collected by the
societies can be conveniently sold at remunerative prices.
In year 1998-99 about 12,188.60 Qntls.
of Non-nationalised NWFP was collected through the Primary
Societies. The details of itemwise quantity collected is given
in the table below :
of the NWFP
District Unions and Primary Societies
have been authorized for the disposal of these items.
Action has also been
initiated to enroll the primary societies as members of the
National Federation of Cooperatives working under the Ministry
of welfare, Government of India, so that they can get working
capital and share capital to conduct trade in these NWFPs more
OF MINOR FOREST PRODUCE AND MEDICINAL PLANTS
The federation has also taken up plantations of some important
minor forest produce and plants of medicinal value under a centrally
sponsored scheme 1999. Such plantations were raised over 400
hectares in 9 districts and over 600 hectares 13 districts.
In situ conservation and development of minor forest produce
over 3300 hectares and ex- site development over 520 hectares
has been taken up in 10 districts this year under another scheme
of government of India . In site conservation and development
of medicinal plants over 4400 hectare and ex-site development
over 100 hectare is being taken up in Katni district under a
scheme of govt. of India, health ministry.